The Meaning of Flowers
The beauty, color, and type of flowers used in an arragement or bouquet can convey special meanings and sentiments for your wedding or special event. We have compiled a "dictionary" of flower meanings below (in alphabetical order).
ABSINTH (WORMWOOD): Separation and torment of love. Unpleasant.
ACACIA: Concealed love, chaste love. Beauty in retirement. Platonic love.
ACONITE/MONKSHOOD: Misanthropy and poisonous words.
AGAPANTHUS: Love letters, love, immortality.
ALMOND BLOSSOM: Hope and watchfulness.
ALSTROEMERIA: Wealth, prosperity, fortune, aspiring, devotion, friendship. Resembling a miniature lily, alstroemeria is often called the Peruvian Lily or Lily of the Incas. Today, this popular flower can be found in a range of colors – from white to golden yellow, orange to apricot, pink to red, lavender and purple.
ALYSSUM (SWEET): Worth beyond beauty. Exemplary modesty.
AMARYLLIS: Pride, dramatic. Pastoral poetry. Beautiful, timid, proud, determination and radiant beauty.
AMBROSIA: Your love is reciprocated.
ANEMONE: Refusal and abandonment, forsaken, expectation, fragile. Fading hope.
ANTHURIUM: Lover, hospitality. Also known as the Flamingo Flower, Boy Flower, Painted Tongue and Painter’s Palette – because of their distinctive shape and color – the name anthurium comes from Greek, meaning “tail flower.”
APPLE BLOSSOMS: Good fortune, promise. Preference. Better things to come. Symbol of perpetual concord, temptation.
APRICOT BLOSSOM: Timid love.
ARBUTUS: Thee only do I love.
ARTEMESIA: Symbol of dignity.
ASPARAGUS FERN: Fascination.
ASTER: Variety, elegance, daintiness, symbol of love, contentment, unpredictability, patience. Also known as the birthflower for September. Symbol of love. Also known as starworts, Michaelmas daisies or Frost flowers, asters can be found in a rainbow of colors – white, red, pink, purple, lavender and blue, with mostly yellow centers.
ASTILBE: I'll still be waiting.
AZALEA: Love, romance, first love, fragile passion, temperance, abundance. It is also the Chinese symbol of womanhood. Take care of yourself for me. Ephemeral passion.
BABY'S BREATH: Innocence, festivity, happiness. Pure of heart.
BACHELOR BUTTON: Single blessedness, anticipation. Devotion, hope, love. Delicacy.
BALSAM: Ardent love.
BAMBOO: Strength, loyalty.
BAY WREATH: Reward of merit.
BEGONIA: Beware, I am fanciful! Deep thoughts.
BELLS OF IRELAND: Good luck.
BIRD OF PARADISE: Magnificence. Bearing an unmistakable resemblance to a brightly colored bird in flight, the bird of paradise represents joyfulness and (not surprisingly) paradise itself. Also known as Crane flowers, they are distinctive and striking, spectacularly shaped like a bird’s beak and plumage. Bird of Paradise are the 9th wedding anniversary flower.
BLACK-EYED SUSAN: Encouragement.
BLUEBELL: Humility, constancy, delicacy. Sorrowful regret.
BOUVARDIA: Enthusiasm. Modern varieties of bouvardia have names such as Pink Luck, Albatross and Royal Katty. Their star-like flowers grow in clusters on thin, branching stems, like small flower bouquets in soft shades of pink, white, yellow, salmon and red. With a delicate scent and feminine appearance, in the language of flowers, bouvardia represent enthusiasm.
BROOM: Humility, neatness.
CACTUS: Bravery and endurance. Grandeur.
CALENDULA: Grief, jealousy. Also the birthflower for October.
CALLA LILY: Magnificent beauty. Associated with the sixth wedding anniversary. Regal.
CAMELLIA: Gratitude, graciousness. Excellence and steadfastness.
CAMELLIA, PINK: Longing for you.
CAMELLIA, RED: You're a flame in my heart. Unpretending excellence, innate warmth, alas my poor heart.
CAMELLIA, WHITE: You're adorable. Perfected loveliness, without blemish.
CARNATION: Fascination, distinction, divine love, woman, fidelity, yes. This hardy, sweetly fragrant flower is also the state flower of Ohio, the January birth flower and the 1st wedding anniversary flower.
CARNATION, PINK: A woman's love, I'll never forget you, mother's undying love. Gratitude.
CARNATION, PURPLE: Antipathy and capriciousness.
CARNATION, RED: Alas for my poor heart, admiration, my heart aches for you, fascination. Flashy. Deeper sentiments, love and affection.
CARNATION, SOLID: Yes.
CARNATION, STRIPED: Refusal, No, sorry I can't be with you.
CARNATION, WHITE: Innocence, faithfulness, sweet and lovely, pure love, ardent love, good luck. These lovely flowers have lasting qualities, and are often handed out on Mother's Day to symbolize the purity and strength of motherhood. Remembrance.
CARNATION, YELLOW: Disdain, rejection, you have disappointed me.
CATTAIL: Peace, prosperity.
CHERRY BLOSSOM: Spiritual beauty.
CHINA ASTER: Jealousy and after-thought. Love of variety.
CHRYSANTHEMUM: Cheerfulness, optimism, rest, truth. Considered to be a noble flower in Asian culture, mums are used as an object of meditation per a suggestion by Confucius. Also the birthflower for November. You are a wonderful friend. Chrysanthemums are available in a full range of colors, from white to purple to red. Daisy-like with a typically yellow center and a decorative pompon, chrysanthemums symbolize optimism and joy.
CHRYSANTHEMUM, RED: I love you. Sharing.
CHRYSANTHEMUM, WHITE: Truth, loyal love.
CHRYSANTHEMUM, YELLOW: Slighted love. Secret admirer.
CLEMATIS: Clever, intellectual. Associated with the eighth wedding anniversary. Artifice and ingenuity.
CLOVER: Fertility and domestic virtue.
CLOVER, FIVE LEAF: Symbol of bad luck.
CLOVER, FOUR LEAF: Symbol of good luck. Be mine.
COLUMBINE: Folly, foolishness.
COXCOMB/CELOSIA: Silliness or foppery.
CORNFLOWER: Delicacy, refinement.
COSMOS: Modesty. Associated with the 2nd wedding anniversary. Peaceful.
CROCUS: Cheerfulness, abuse not. Foresight. Youthful gladness, attachment.
CROWN IMPERIAL: Majesty and power.
CYCLAMEN: Resignation, good-bye.
DAFFODIL: Regard, rebirth, new beginnings, unrequited love, you're the only one, chivalry. Associated with the tenth wedding anniversary. Also the birthflower for March. The sun is always shining when I’m with you. Though their botanic name is narcissus, daffodils are sometimes called jonquils, and in England, because of their long association with Lent, they’re known as the “Lent Lily.”
DAFFODIL, SINGLE: Misfortune.
DAFFODIL, SEVERAL: Joy, happiness.
DAHLIA: Instability. Associated with the fourteenth wedding anniversary. Good taste. Elegance and dignity, forever thine.
DAISY: Innocence, gentleness, loyal love, I'll never tell, purity, beauty. Associated with the fifth wedding anniversary.
DAISY, GERBERA: Distinguished by large flowering heads that closely resemble those of sunflowers, gerbera daisies come in a vibrant rainbow of colors. Bright pink, snow white, sunny yellow, and ruby red are just a few of the gorgeous colors that these happy flowers boast. The meanings of gerbera daisies stem from those attributed to the general daisy family. These meanings include innocence and purity, and daisies are also a classic symbol of beauty. However, the gerbera variety holds an added meaning of cheerfulness, which stems from the assortment of colors available.
DANDELION: Faithfulness, happiness, love's oracle.
DAY LILY: Coquetry, Chinese emblem for mother. Associated with the twentieth wedding anniversary. Enthusiasm.
DELPHINIUM: Big-hearted, fun. Boldness. Airy. Courage. Delphinium are also commonly known as larkspur. Other names include Lark’s Heel, Lark’s Claw and Knight’s Spur. The July birth flower, these lush, dolphin-shaped flowers symbolize an open heart and ardent attachment and convey a feeling of lightness and levity.
ELDERBERRY BLOSSOM: Humility and kindness.
FERN: Sincerity, magic, fascination, confidence, shelter.
FIR: Time and evaluation.
FLAX: Domestic symbol. Fate, I feel your kindness.
FORGET-ME-NOT: True love, hope, remembrance, memories. Remember me forever. Faithful love.
FOUR-LEAF CLOVER: Good luck, be mine.
FRANGIPANI: Shelter, protection.
FREESIA: Innocence, friendship, thoughtfulness. Trust and Spirited. Freesia – with their bell-shaped blooms and sweet, citrus scent – are among the most popular fragrant flowers. And, while in most cases the white variation of a flower is the most fragrant, in the case of freesia, the pink and red varieties are actually more highly scented.
FUSCHIA: Taste. Associated with the third wedding anniversary.
GARDENIA: You're lovely, secret love, joy, sweet love, good luck. Folly. Refinement.
GERANIUM: Stupidity, folly, comfort, gentility. Associated with the fourth wedding anniversary.
GERANIUM, OAK-LEAF: Friendship.
GERANIUM, ROSE: Preference.
GERANIUM, SCARLET: Comforting, consolation.
GERANIUM, WILD CRANE’S BILL: Constancy and availability.
GINGER: Strength. Proud.
GLADIOLUS: Strength of character, remembrance, infatuation, splendid beauty, give me a break, I'm really sincere, flower of the Gladiators, admiration, tells recipients that they pierce the heart like a sword. Because the gladiolus has blade-shaped leaves, the name comes from the Latin word gladius which means sword. Also the birthflower for August.
GLOXINA: Love at first sight.
GOLDENROD: Treasure and good fortune. Encouragement, precaution.
HEATHER: Symbolizing admiration and good luck, heather is believed have protective powers.
HEATHER, LAVENDER: Admiration, solitude, beauty.
HEATHER, PINK: Good luck.
HEATHER, WHITE: Protection from danger, wishes will come true.
HIBISCUS: Delicate beauty.
HOLLY: Foresight, defense, domestic happiness, enchantment.
HOLLYHOCK: Ambition and liberality, fruitfulness. Associated with the thirteenth wedding anniversary.
HONEYSUCKLE: Bonds of love. Sweetness of disposition. Happiness.
HUCKLEBERRY: Simple pleasure.
HYACINTH: Sport, play, games, rashness, flower dedicated to Apollo. Symbolizing sport or play in the language of flowers.
HYACINTH, BLUE: Constancy. Sincerity.
HYACINTH, PURPLE: I am sorry, sorrow, please forgive me.
HYACINTH, RED OR PINK: Play.
HYACINTH, WHITE: Loveliness, I'll pray for you.
HYACINTH, YELLOW: Jealousy.
HYDRANGEA: With its wooden stems and lacy, star-shaped flowers packed closely together in a pompom, the hydrangea’s color ranges from white to blue to pink and purple, determined by the acidity level of the soil. There remains some debate over the hydrangea’s symbolism – with some connecting it to vanity and boastfulness (perhaps reflecting its abundance of petals and lavish, rounded shape) and others suggesting that a bouquet of hydrangea expresses the giver’s gratefulness for the recipient’s understanding. Still others suggest it represents anything that’s sincerely heartfelt.
IRIS: Wisdom, Fleur-de-lis, emblem of France, your friendship means so much to me, faith, hope, valor, my compliments. Associated with the twenty-fifth wedding anniversary. Inspiration.
IRIS, BLUE: Faith, hope.
IRIS, PURPLE: Wisdom, compliments.
IRIS, YELLOW: Passion.
IRIS, WHITE: Purity.
IVY: Fidelity, wedded love, friendship, affection, marriage.
JACK-IN-THE-PULPIT: Associated with the seventh wedding anniversary.
JASMINE, RED: Folly and glee.
JASMINE, WHITE or INDIAN: Amiability and cheerfulness, I attach myself to you, sensuality, attachment.
JASMINE, SPANISH: Sensuality.
JASMINE, YELLOW: Grace, elegance, timidity and modesty.
JONQUIL: Sympathy, love me, affection returned, desire. Desire for affection returned.
LADY SLIPPER: Capricious beauty, win and wear me.
LARKSPUR: Fickleness, ardent attachment, levity, lightness. Also the birthflower for July. Beautiful spirit. Open heart.
LARKSPUR, PINK: Fickleness.
LARKSPUR, PURPLE: First love.
LAUREL: Success and renown.
LAVENDER: Devotion. Constancy. Acknowledgement.
LEATHERLEAF FERN: Fascination.
LILAC: Youthful, humility, confidence. First love.
LILAC, MAUVE: Do you still love me.
LILAC, PINK: Youth and acceptance.
LILAC, WHITE: My first dream of love. Youthful innocence.
LILY: Majesty, wealth, pride, innocence, purity. As the flowers most often associated with funerals, lilies symbolize that the soul of the departed has received restored innocence after death.
LILY, CASABLANCA: Celebration.
LILY, EUCHARIS: Maiden charms.
LILY, ORANGE: flame, I burn for you. Hatred and disdain, wealth, pride.
LILY, PERUVIAN: friendship and devotion. As a symbol of devotion, Peruvian lilies can say to a companion or loved one that you will always be there for them and that you trust in your lasting bond.
LILY, STARGAZER: Ambition. One of the most stunning and perhaps most celebrated lily varieties is the stargazer lily. Known for its striking blooms and heavenly scent. Delicate, bold, and fragrant all at once, stargazers can say Congratulations, I'm Sorry, and everything in between. The lily family has traditionally represented innocence and purity. The pink varieties are also considered symbolic of wealth and prosperity, as well being as a sign of aspiration.
LILY, TIGER: Wealth, pride.
LILY, WATER: Purity of heart.
LILY, WHITE: Purity, modesty, virginity, majesty, it's heavenly to be with you. The Easter lily is also known as the symbol of the Virgin Mary.
LILY, YELLOW: I'm walking on air, false, gay. Flirtation.
LILY OF THE VALLEY: Return of happiness, purity of heart, sweetness, tears of the Virgin Mary, you've made my life complete, humility, happiness. The legend of the lily of the valley is that it sprang from Eve's tears when she was kicked out of the Garden of Eden. Also known as the flower of May.
LISIANTHUS: Calming. With a host of names – from Texas Bluebell to Prairie Gentian to Lira de San Pedro – lisianthus symbolize an outgoing nature. With wide ruffled, delicate petals and oval leaves, in colors ranging from white to pink, lavender to purple and bicolors such as blue-violet, it’s said that lisianthus also symbolize appreciation.
LOTUS: Mystery and truth.
LOTUS BLOSSUM: Estranged love.
MAGNOLIA: Dignity, love of nature, nobility. Spendid beauty.
MARIGOLD: Sacred affection, cruelty, grief, jealousy.
MARIGOLD, POT: Grief, despair.
MIMOSA: Sensitivity. Exquisite, Fastidious.
MISTLETOE: Kiss me, affection and love, to surmount difficulties, sacred plant of India.
MONKSHOOD: Beware, a deadly foe is near, danger.
MORNING GLORY: Loves you. Associated with the eleventh wedding anniversary. Affection, departure.
MOSS: Maternal love, charity.
MYRTLE: Love, mirth and joy. Hebrew emblem of marriage.
NARCISSUS: Egotism, conceit, self love, self admiration, formality, stay as sweet as you are. Also known as the birthflower for December.
NASTURTIUM: Conquest, victory in battle. Patriotism. Associated with the fortieth wedding anniversary.
OAK LEAVES: Bravery.
OLEANDER: Caution. Beauty and grace. Beware.
OLIVE BRANCH: Peace.
ORANGE BLOSSUM: Purity, innocence, eternal love, marriage and fruitfulness, fertility.
ORANGE, MOCK: Deceit.
ORCHID: Rare beauty, magnificence, love, refinement, beautiful lady, Chinese symbol for many children, mature charm, beauty, long life. Associated with twenty-eighth wedding anniversary. The most highly coveted of ornamental plants, the delicate, exotic and graceful orchid represents love, luxury, beauty and strength.
ORCHID, CATTLEYA: Mature charm. Matronly grace.
PALM LEAVES: Victory, success.
PANSIES: Receipient is being thought about. Thoughtful recollection. The flower's name comes from the French word pensée which means thought or remembrance. Associated with the first wedding anniversary.
PAPERWHITE: Aphrodisiac due to its intoxicating scent. It is also the national flower of Wales because it often blooms on March 1st which is St. David's feast day, Wales' patron saint.
PASSION FLOWER: Faith and piety. Religious fervor and superstitution.
PEONY: Healing. Bashfulness, shame, happy life, happy marriage, good health, prosperity. Associated with the twelfth wedding anniversary. The traditional floral symbol of China, the state flower of Indiana, and the 12th wedding anniversary flower, peonies are known as the flower of riches and honor.
PERIWINKLE, BLUE: Early friendship.
PERIWINKLE, WHITE: Pleasures of memory.
PETUNIA: Resentment, anger, your presence soothes me.
PHLOX: Unanimity. Sweet dreams.
PINE: Hope, pity.
POINSETTIA: Also known as the Christmas Star and Christmas Flower. While considered by the ancient Aztecs to be symbols of purity, in today's language of flowers, red, white or pink poinsettias, the December birth flower, symbolize good cheer and success and are said to bring wishes of mirth and celebration.
POPPY: Eternal sleep, oblivion, imagination. Associated with ninth wedding anniversary. Imagination. Dreaminess.
POPPY, RED: Pleasure. Consolation.
POPPY, VARIEGATED: Flirtation, dreaminess.
POPPY, WHITE: Consolation, sleep, rest. Forgetfulness.
POPPY, YELLOW: Wealth, success.
PRIMROSE: I can't live without you. Young love.
PRIMROSE, EVENING: Happy love. Inconstancy.
PROTEA: With its mythological associations to change and transformation, protea symbolizes diversity and courage.
QUEEN ANNE'S LACE: Haven. Fantasy. Also called Wild Carrot (since Queen Anne’s Lace is the wild progenitor of today’s carrot), Bishop’s Lace or Bird’s Nest (for the nest-like appearance of the bright white and rounded flower in full bloom), in the language of flowers, Queen Anne’s Lace represents sanctuary.
RANUNCULUS: You are radiant with charm. The small camellia-like ranunculus ranges from white to pink, red to yellow to orange. Also known as Buttercup and Coyote’s Eyes.
RHODODENDRON: Danger, caution.
ROSE: Love, passion, perfection. The rose was named for the Latin word rosa which means red. It has been a symbol of love since ancient times. Associated with the fifthteenth wedding anniversary. It is also known as the birthflower of June. Roses are also the national flower of the United States and the state flower of Georgia, Iowa, New York, North Dakota and the District of Columbia. And, not surprisingly, June – the month so often associated with weddings – is National Rose Month.
ROSE, BRIDAL: Happy love.
ROSE, BURGUNDY: Beauty within.
ROSE, CAROLINA: Love is dangerous.
ROSE, CHRISTMAS: Peace and tranquility.
ROSE, CORAL: Desire and enthusiasm.
ROSE, DARK CRIMSON: Mourning.
ROSE, HIBISCUS: Delicate beauty.
ROSE, LAVENDER: Love at first sight, enchantment. The unique beauty of the lavender rose has captured many hearts and imaginations. With their fantastical appearance, lavender roses are a perfect symbol of enchantment. The lavender rose is also traditionally used to express feelings of love at first sight.
ROSE, LEAF: You may hope.
ROSE, MOSS: Confessions of love.
ROSE, ORANGE: Fascination, display feeling of enthusiasm. With their blazing energy, orange roses are the embodiment of desire and enthusiasm. Orange roses often symbolize passion and excitement and are an expression of fervent romance. A bouquet of orange roses will send a meaningful message.
ROSE, PEACH: Desire, gratitude, appreciation, admiration, sympathy, modesty. Let’s get together, closing of the deal.
ROSE, PINK: Happiness, appreciation, admiration, friendship, sympathy. Please believe me.
ROSE, DARK PINK: Thankfulness.
ROSE, LIGHT PINK: Grace, gladness, joy, perfect happiness, please believe me, gratitude, admiration, gentility. As a symbol of grace and elegance, the pink rose is often given as an expression of admiration. Pink roses can also convey appreciation as well as joyfulness. Pink rose bouquets often impart a gentler meaning than their red counterparts.
ROSE, RED: Love, passion, respect, courage, I love you, beauty, pure and lovely, prosperity. Red roses are the traditional symbol for love and romance, and a time-honored way to say "I love you." The red rose has long symbolized beauty and perfection. A bouquet of red roses is the perfect way to express your deep feelings for someone special. Job well done.
ROSE, DEEP RED: Un-selfconscious beauty.
ROSE, SINGLE, FULL BLOOM: I love you, I still love you, new love.
ROSE, BUD, SMALL: Pure and lovely, beauty and youth, a heart innocent of love.
ROSE, TEA: I’ll remember always.
ROSE, THORNLESS: Love at first sight.
ROSE, WHITE: Innocence, purity, secrecy, I am worthy of you, silence, friendship, truth, virtue, girlhood, humility spiritual love, but of the soul, reverence, charm, happy love.
ROSE, WHITE, DRIED: Death is preferable to loss of virtue.
ROSE, YELLOW: Joy, friendship, true love, decrease of love, jealousy, try to care, freedom, slighted love, shows "I care", joy, gladness. The bright, sunny color of yellow roses evokes a feeling of warmth and happiness. The warm feelings associated with the yellow rose are often akin to those shared with a true friend. As such, the yellow rose is an ideal symbol for joy and friendship.
ROSES, BOUQUET, MATURE: Gratitude.
ROSES, PINK AND WHITE TOGETHER: I love you still and always will.
ROSES, RED & WHITE TOGETHER: Unity, flower emblem of England.
ROSES, YELLOW & RED TOGETHER: Happiness, congratulations.
ROSES, YELLOW & ORANGE TOGETHER: Passionate thoughts.
ROSEBUD: Beauty and youth, a heart innocent of love.
ROSEBUD, MOSS: Confessions of love.
ROSEBUD, RED: Pure and lovely.
ROSEBUD, WHITE: Girlhood. White roses represent innocence and purity and are traditionally associated with marriages and new beginnings. The white rose is also a symbol of honor and reverence, and white rose arrangements are often used as an expression of remembrance.
ROSEMARY: Remembrance, purity, rebirth.
SCABIOUS: Unfortunate love.
SNAPDRAGON: Deception, gracious lady, presumption.
SNOWDROP: Hope and consolation.
SPEARMINT: Warm sentiment.
SPIDER FLOWER: Elope with me.
STAR OF BETHLEHEM: Purity.
STATICE: Sympathy, remembrance, success. Lasting beauty.
STEPHANOTIS: Happiness in marriage, desire to travel.
STOCK: Lasting beauty, bonds of affection, promptness, you'll always be beautiful to me. A symbol of happy life and contented existence, the stock flower, with its sweet, heady-scented blooms, is native to Southwestern Greece and the Mediterranean. Typically found in white, pink, red or lilac, stock is also called gillyflower or Virginia stock.
SUNFLOWER: Homage and devotion. Follows the sun as it grows, adoration, haughtiness. The 3rd wedding anniversary flower and the state flower of Kansas, sunflowers turn to follow the sun. Their open faces symbolize the sun itself, conveying warmth and happiness, adoration and longevity.
SWEET PEA: Lasting pleasure, good-bye, departure, blissful pleasure, thank you for a lovely time, I think of you. Supposedly this delicate flower was named by the poet John Keats. Associated with the thirtieth wedding anniversary. Also known as the birthflower of April.
SWEET WILLIAM: Gallantry, smile, finesse.
TROPICAL FLOWERS: Meanings vary among the numerous varieties of tropical flowers. Orchids represent luxury and rare beauty, and proteas symbolize diversity and courage. Birds of paradise convey joyfulness while anthuriums send a message of hospitality. But from the sturdy kangaroo paw and tropical bromeliad to the delicate orchid, all tropical flowers share a unique quality – an uncommon, striking spirit that reflects a sense of adventure and singular brilliance.
TUBEROSE: Dangerous pleasure.
TULIP: Perfect lover, frame, flower emblem of Holland. Although different tulip colors carry distinct meanings - yellow tulips symbolizing cheerful thoughts, white conveying forgiveness and purple representing royalty - a Turkish legend may be responsible for the red tulip's symbolism. The 11th wedding anniversary flower, it's said that the tulip’s velvety black center represents a lover's heart, darkened by the heat of passion. With the power to rival roses in their red variety and the sweet charm to express simple joy when yellow, it’s no wonder that in addition to all its other symbolism, in the language of flowers, a tulip bouquet represents elegance and grace.
TULIP, RED: Believe me, declaration of love, fame.
TULIP, VARIEGATED: Beautiful eyes.
TULIP, YELLOW: Hopeless love, there's sunshine in your smile.
VIOLET: Modesty, simplicity, faithfulness, innocence, understated beauty. Worn by the ancient Greeks to induce sleep and to calm tempers. Associated with the fifieth wedding anniversary. Also known as the birthflower of February.
VIOLET, BLUE: Watchfulness, faithfulness, I'll always be true.
VIOLET, PURPLE: Thoughts of you, blue love.
VIOLET, WHITE: Let's take a chance, youthful innocence.
VIOLET, YELLOW: Love of country.
WATER LILY: Purity of heart. Eloquence and persuasion.
WEEPING WILLOW: Mourning.
WISTERIA: Youth and poetry.
YARROW: Healing, sorrow.
ZINNIA: Thoughts of absent friends, in memory of an absent friend.
ZINNIA, MAGENTA: Lasting affection.
ZINNIA, MIXED: Thinking (or in memory) of an absent friend.
ZINNIA, SCARLET: Constancy.
ZINNIA, WHITE: Goodness.
ZINNIA, YELLOW: Daily remembrance